Fungi (including lichens)

We have recorded 52 priority fungus species in Sussex, this includes 42 species of lichens.

waxcaps

Photo: Mark Monk-Terry

Biodiversity Action Plan fungi and lichen recorded in Sussex

This includes…

Coral Tooth is one of our most endangered fungi, being found at only a handful of sites in the UK, including The Mens in Sussex. It grows on fallen logs or sometimes on dead parts of living trees, and is most often associated with Beech in ancient woodland.

Oak Polypore Piptoporus quercinus is a rare species in Europe and is found at around 20 sites in England. It grows on the trunks and limbs of mature or dead Oak trees in ancient woodland, wood-pasture and parkland.

Orange-fruited Elm-lichen has undergone a significant decline in many parts of Europe including the UK. This is partially attributed to Dutch Elm Disease, as this lichen grows on well-illuminated, mature Elm in parkland. It also grows on and among rocks, and in Sussex has been recorded from chalk pebbles on the South Downs.

Sap-groove Lichen grows on trunks or within wounds on mature trees, particularly Elm. It was once common is south east England, where it was typically found in parkland. It has now been lost at many sites, however can still be found at Ashburnham and Parham Parks in Sussex.

More information about fungi and lichens

British Lichen Society
British Mycological Society
Sussex Fungi Group